Chi-rectangular evaluation were used with categorical variables; ANOVAs were used with carried on details

Chi-rectangular evaluation were used with categorical variables; ANOVAs were used with carried on details

To research group, health condition, and you will comorbidity differences when considering schizophrenia caregivers, and you may low-caregiver control, and anywhere between schizophrenia caregivers, or other caregivers, bivariate analyses was basically did.

Covariates detailed more than (demographics and health services) have been entered into an individual logistic regression model to help you anticipate providing proper care so you can an adult diligent with schizophrenia versus. perhaps not providing care and attention. Another independent logistic regression design was cost predict delivering worry in order to a grown-up diligent having schizophrenia compared to. those getting care for adults which have a condition except that schizophrenia. Schizophrenia caregivers was paired in order to low-caregiver and other caregiver respondents to the inclination rating utilizing the “greedy” coordinating formula . A-1:dos complimentary proportion is actually used, per schizophrenia caregiver are matched to a few low-caregiver manage respondents and you can by themselves so you’re able to two caregivers away from almost every other requirements. Post-meets, differences between this type of teams were re also-looked at to verify sufficient complimentary. As well as, the brand new matching is actually constrained making sure that all matches was basically inside for each and every 5EU nation.

Differences on HRQoL, and self-reported comorbidities were examined post-matching to quantify the burden of schizophrenia caregiving as a function of humanistic outcomes. Chi-square and ANOVA tests were used to test for statistical differences across i) those providing care for an adult relative with schizophrenia vs. those not providing care for an adult relative and ii) those providing care for an adult relative with schizophrenia vs. those providing care for an adult relative with a condition other than schizophrenia. Statistical significance was set at 2-tailed p <0.05.

Performance

A total of 398 schizophrenia caregivers, 158,989 low-caregivers regulation and you may fourteen,341 caregivers out of almost every other criteria were understood via 5EU NHWS across 2010, 2011 and 2013. Inside total attempt of 173,728 people along the 5EU, twenty five.cuatro % was in France, twenty-five.3 % inside the Germany, 25.6 % in britain, fourteen.0 % when you look at the Italy, and 9.6 % when you look at the The country of spain.

Schizophrenia caregivers against. non-caregivers

The average age of schizophrenia caregivers was 45.3 years (SD = 15.8 years), 59.6 % were female, 52.5 % were currently employed, and 14.8 % reported an income of ? ˆ50,000/??40,000. Before matching, schizophrenia caregivers compared with non-caregivers, were more likely to be female (59.6 % vs. 51.4 %), less likely to be married/living with partner (57.4 % vs. 62.8 %), reported lower annual household income, were less likely to be employed (52.5 % vs. 57.7 %), more likely to currently smoke (36.7 % vs. 26.1 %), and reported greater comorbidity burden via the CCI, all p <0.05. No statistically significant differences on age, education level, BMI, alcohol use, and exercise behaviors were found between the two groups (see Table 1).

After propensity matching, schizophrenia caregivers were more likely to report experiencing sleep difficulties (42.7 % vs. 28.5 %), insomnia (32.4 % vs. 18.5 %), pain (39.7 % vs. 30.4 %), headaches (48.0 % vs. 42.0 %), heartburn (31.7 % vs. 22.9 %), anxiety (37.9 % vs. 23.6 %), and depression (29.4 % vs. 19.4 %) in the past 12 months than non-caregivers, all p <0.05. Based on the PHQ-9, schizophrenia caregivers reported greater severity of depressive symptoms than non-caregivers (p <0.001). Schizophrenia caregivers were also more likely to currently be using a prescription medication to treat depression (17.6 % vs. 8.2 %, p <0.001) than non-caregiver controls. Schizophrenia caregivers reported significantly lower MCS (40.3 vs. 45.9), PCS (46.8 vs. 49.0), and health utility (0.64 vs. 0.71), compared with non-caregivers (all p <0.001) (see Table 2).

Schizophrenia compared to. almost every other caregivers

Before propensity matching, schizophrenia caregivers compared with caregivers of other conditions, were younger (45.3 vs Dating In Your 30s dating sites. 49.1 years), less likely to be married/living with a partner (57.4 % vs. 68.1 %), had lower annual household income, were more likely to currently smoke (36.7 % vs. 29.2 %), and reported greater comorbidity burden, all p <0.05. No statistically significant differences on gender, education level, employment status, BMI, alcohol use, and exercise behaviors were found between the two groups (see Table 3).

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